CBD vs Hemp Oil: What’s the Difference?
A quick search for CBD on amazon.com leads to something interesting: pages and pages of products containing hemp oil appear. Many of these products suggest or even outright claim benefits associated with CBD, but digging deeper into the product descriptions and reviews quickly reveals that there is typically no or only trace CBD content. CBD and hemp oil both come from the hemp plant but are as different as grapes and grapeseed oil! To make more informed choices, let’s look at how these two items differ.
Hemp oil is an oil that comes from hemp seeds and is made by pressing the oil from those seeds. Freshly pressed hemp oil can have a beautiful green color and a slightly “nutty” flavor. This color and flavor can be removed by refining to give a clear and less flavored hemp oil. Hemp oil is primarily composed of omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (Callaway, J. C., n.d.). Hemp oils are typically under 0.0025% CB, that means you would have to consume 400 kilograms (almost 900 pounds) of hemp oil to get a typical starting dose of 10 mg CBD!
CBD is a single ingredient that comes from the flowers of the hemp plant. These flowers are covered in small structures called trichomes, which produce a resin that contains CBD. CBD from hemp can be purified to give full spectrum CBD oil or the even more pure CBD isolate. In addition to CBD, full spectrum CBD oil contains terpenes, small amounts of different cannabinoids, chlorophyll and other components found in hemp resin. CBD isolate is pure CBD and can be obtained as a white solid with practically no odor or flavor.
Hemp Oil Benefits
Hemp oil is a great addition to the diet for a multitude of reasons. While there are all different motivations behind using hemp oil, here are just a few:
- While it’s not for everyone, some enjoy the slightly nutty flavor, and taste of the hemp plant.
- Hemp oil works great as a replacement for typical oils in recipes that do not require heat, like making salad dressings, pesto or even hummus!
- For vegetarians or vegans who do not eat fish, hemp oil is a fantastic source of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids.
Research on these fatty acids have shown that they may improve heart health, reduce inflammation, and even help with depression (Silvaa, T. M.,2008). With all these benefits, it’s no wonder that hemp oil is gaining popularity among health-conscious people.
CBD Uses and Effects
CBD is the component of hemp that people seek as a natural remedy for various ailments. While often associated with medical marijuana, CBD is different from THC and does not give any recreational “high”. CBD is currently being researched for its potential to alleviate and treat many different conditions. The following are a few of the more popular ailments being studied:
- Chronic Pain
A recent literature review has found evidence that CBD has significant pain relieving properties when compared with a placebo, with over 40% of study participants reporting pain reduction of 30% or greater (Darkovska-Serafimovska, 2018). A study into the use of CBD for anxiety relief showed that it may even be useful for reducing anxiety associated with public speaking (Bergamaschi, 2011). Another study found that CBD could improve sleep for people suffering from anxiety (“Effectiveness”, 2016). While there is a growing body of research to support the potential benefits of CBD, it’s important to stay informed and speak with your healthcare provider when considering any remedies, natural or otherwise.
Hemp Oil and CBD: Great Ingredients with Different Uses
Overall, hemp oil can be a great addition to the diet with some possible healthy benefits from the omega fatty acids, and CBD is the compound believed to be responsible for the therapeutic effects of hemp. More research is needed for both ingredients, and with their rapidly rising popularity, we shouldn’t have to wait long to find out more!
Bergamaschi, M. M., Queiroz, R. H. C., Chagas, M. H. N., Oliveira, D. C. G. de, Martinis, B. S. D., Kapczinski, F., … Crippa, J. A. S. (2011, February 9). Cannabidiol Reduces the Anxiety Induced by Simulated Public Speaking in Treatment-Naïve Social Phobia Patients. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/npp20116.
Callaway, J. C. (n.d.). Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10681-004-4811-6.
Darkovska-Serafimovska, M., Serafimovska, T., Arsova-Sarafinovska, Z., Stefanoski, S., Keskovski, Z., & Balkanov, T. (2018, April 23). Pharmacotherapeutic considerations for use of cannabinoids to relieve pain in patients with malignant diseases. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5922297/.
Effectiveness of Cannabidiol Oil for Pediatric Anxiety and Insomnia as Part of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report. (2016, Oct). Retrieved from http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2016/fall/6244-pediatrics.html.
Silvaa, T. M., PuppiMunhozb, R., RobertoAndreatinie, CurteFerraza, A., & Montgomery. (2008, May 15). Depression in Parkinson’s disease: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of omega-3 fatty-acid supplementation. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0165032708001286?via=ihub